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Difference Between Neutral and Earth | Electrical Engineering Facts

Neutral Vs Earth

Neutral :

  • Neutral is the normal ” return ” wire.
  • In systems where the load is supplied from only one Hot (or “Live”) wire, the Neutral completes the circuit and carries current back from the load to the power station.
  • Neutral is a conductor that carries current in normal operation.
  • Neutral represents a reference point within an electrical distribution system.

Earth :

  • Earth or Ground wire is a safety protective wire for the human body and electrical equipment from fault conditions.
  • Earth is a conductor that carries no current in normal operation.
  • Earth is a conductor that carries current under fault conditions such as insulation breakdown that occurs within electrical equipment.

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